Timeline of the NEA part 2
NEA headquarters moves permanently to
The first American Education Week is held with
the NEA and American Legion as the cosponsors.
NEA focuses its energies on racial equality of
educational opportunities. Working jointly with
the National Association of Teachers in Colored
Schools, NEA struggles to improve conditions for the ten million
African-American children in the South – who are served by only
166 accredited schools.
During the Depression, the NEA fights to
preserve school budgets while teachers
organize food programs for hungry children.
NEA President Donald DuShane creates the
National Commission for the Defense of Democracy
Through Education. The Defense Commission
promotes public awareness of educational issues
and defends teachers whose rights are violated.
NEA Defense Commission funds legal costs to
support Oklahoma teacher Kate Frank’s battle
after she is fired for activism on behalf of teachers’
rights. She is reinstated after a successful
three-year struggle, at which time the NEA initiates
the DuShane Fund for Teacher Rights. It will later
be renamed the Kate Frank/DuShane Fund.
NEA helps formulate plans for the United Nations
Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization
(UNESCO). UNESCO will become the preeminent international
sponsor of educational activities.
NEA obtains an amendment to the Hatch Act –
a law that bans public employees from political
activity – freeing teachers and the NEA to
participate in public affairs.